We are providing a sampling of important articles from the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability. The full collection is available in print and on digital platforms including Oxford Reference, ProQuest, and JStor. Individual volumes on specific subjects are also available for course use or circulation.

New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) Scale

Abstract: The New Ecological Paradigm scale is a measure of endorsement of a “pro-ecological” world view. It is used extensively in environmental education, outdoor recreation, and other realms where differences in behavior or attitudes are believed to be explained by underlying values, a world view, or a paradigm. The scale is constructed from individual responses to fifteen statements that measure agreement or disagreement. An article from the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, 1st ed. The New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale,

Sustainability Values

Abstract: Conceptualizations of human values play a central role in the theory and practice of sustainability. How humans value the natural environment is central to how resources are distributed. A values typology, an arrangement of values by type, shows how humans express worth. Theories of sustainability must account for values differences, their measurement, and a system to weigh expressions of value over space and time. An article from the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, 1st ed. However one defines sustainability, the concept,

Sustainability Theory

Abstract: Theories of sustainability attempt to prioritize and integrate social responses to environmental and cultural problems. An economic model looks to sustain natural and financial capital; an ecological model looks to biological diversity and ecological integrity; a political model looks to social systems that realize human dignity. Religion has entered the debate with symbolic, critical, and motivational resources for cultural change. An article from the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, 1st ed. In its literal rudiments, sustainability means a